PARKINSON’S DISEASE: Things You Need to Know About This Neurological Disorder

PARKINSON’S DISEASE – Here are the important things that you need to know about this neurological disorder including its causes, symptoms and treatment.

Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder that affects a person’s ability to move normally. This progressive neurological disorder is characterized by the gradual loss of motor control, leading to a range of symptoms that can affect daily life.

The illness is a progressive condition, which means the symptoms become worse over time. The exact cause of this condition is not known, but it involves the degeneration of neurons in a specific area of the brain called the substantia nigra.

Parkinson's Disease

These neurons produce dopamine, a neurotransmitter important for regulating movement. As these neurons die, dopamine levels decrease. As more dopamine-producing brain cells are lost, it becomes harder for the person to control and coordinate their muscle movements.


  • Genetic Factors – Certain genetic mutations are linked to Parkinson’s, though they account for a small percentage of cases.
  • Environmental Factors – Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may increase the risk.
  • Age – The risk of developing Parkinson’s increases with age, typically appearing in people over 60.
  • Gender – Men are more likely to develop Parkinson’s than women.
Parkinson's Disease


  • Tremors or shaking, especially in the hands, arms, legs, and face
  • Stiff muscles and rigid limbs, making movement difficult
  • Slow movement and impaired balance/coordination
  • Shuffling walk and dragging of feet


As of this writing, there is no cure for this disease but treatments are available to manage symptoms.

  • Medications – These can help manage symptoms by increasing dopamine levels or mimicking its action. Common medications include Levodopa, dopamine agonists, and MAO-B inhibitors.
  • Surgery – Deep brain stimulation (DBS) may be considered in advanced cases where medications are not effective.
  • Lifestyle Changes – Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and physical therapy can help maintain mobility and overall well-being.
  • Supportive Therapies – Occupational therapy, speech therapy, and counseling can aid in managing the disease.

Leave a Comment